Cosmetic Dentistry

Teeth Whitening

What Is Teeth Whitening?
Teeth whitening can be a very effective way of lightening the natural colour of your teeth without removing any of the teeth surface or damaging it. Usually the original shade of the teeth is whitened to a lighter colour, rather than being turned completely white.

Why Would I Need My Teeth Whitened?
As we get older our teeth get darker. This is partly due to our getting older, but it is also caused by the foods we eat and drink, and by other habits such as smoking. Tea, coffee, blackcurrant juice, red wine and other foods that have strong colours can have an effect on the overall colour of our teeth. Teeth may also darken as a result of some antibiotics.

Some people naturally have a more grey shade of teeth. Other people have white spots on their teeth. This can be caused by early teeth decay, or illness when the teeth was forming.

There are a number of reasons why you might get your teeth whitened. Everyone is different; and just as our hair and skin colour vary, so do our teeth. Very few people have brilliant-white teeth.'Calculus' or tartar can also affect the colour of your teeth. Some people may have staining under the enamel surface or tiny cracks can appear in the teeth which take up stains.

What Does Teeth Whitening Involve?
Professional bleaching is the most usual method of teeth whitening. Your dentist will assess you first to see whether teeth whitening is suitable for you. First the dentist will put a rubber shield or a gel on your gums to protect them. They will then apply the whitening product to your teeth, again using a specially made tray.

The 'active ingredient' in the whitening product is usually hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. As the active ingredient is broken down, oxygen gets into the enamel and dentine of the teeth and the teeth colour is made lighter. There is also chair-side 'power whitening'. Although this is often called 'laser whitening', it is not a laser that is used. Gel is painted onto your teeth and then a light is shone onto the gel to speed up the whitening reaction. During this procedure, a soft material is placed over your gums to protect them.

How Long Does Chair-Side Power Whitening Take?
Your dentist will need to assess your teeth to make sure that you are suitable for the treatment. Once it has been agreed, this procedure usually takes about one to two hours.

How Long Will My Teeth Stay Whiter?
The effects of whitening are thought to last up to three years. However, this will vary from person to person. The effect is less likely to last as long if you smoke, or eat or drink products that can stain your teeth. Ask your dentist for their opinion before you start the treatment.

What Are The Side Effects?
Some people may find that their teeth become sensitive to cold during or after the treatment. Others may have discomfort in the gums, a sore throat or white patches on the gum line. These symptoms are usually temporary and should disappear within a few days of the treatment finishing.If any of these side effects continue you should go to your dentist.

Porcelain Veneers

Porcelain Veneers
The advances dentistry has seen in recent years are truly remarkable — especially when it comes to porcelain veneers. Not only have the materials used to make veneers improved tremendously, so too has the skill level of the dental professionals who work with them.

Putting Your Best Face Forward
Smiling makes you feel good. It also communicates positive emotions to others. But some people have lost the ability to smile freely, along with the joy it brings to both themselves and others. They will cover their mouths with their hands to avoid showing their teeth in public. In many cases, the problems they are trying to hide — staining or discoloration, worn-down or slightly misaligned teeth, or even too much space between their teeth — could be addressed beautifully with porcelain veneers.

So What, Exactly, Is A Porcelain Veneer?
You've probably already heard the word "veneer" used in other contexts to describe a very thin covering that makes the surface of something look better. That's exactly what it means in dentistry as well. An extremely thin custom-made shell that is astonishingly lifelike in appearance is placed on the front of a teeth giving it a new "face." In order to make veneers look naturally contoured and harmonious, it may or may not be necessary to remove teeth structure, depending on how big the teeth are to begin with, as well as the desired final teeth size and shape.

Veneers Can Improve Any Of The Following Characteristics
Teeth color can change throughout one's life, generally yellowing with age and time. Some people who were given the antibiotic tetracycline in childhood develop teeth discoloration that is very difficult to remove. Also, the choices we make in consuming certain foods, drinks (especially red wine, coffee and tea), and/or cigarettes can affect the color of our teeth. Whitening can help, but the degree the teeth will whiten is dependent on the starting point. Some teeth with excessive discoloration never achieve an acceptable color with simple teeth whitening. A porcelain veneer, however, has the ability to mask color and therefore provides greater latitude when making a color shift to whiter and brighter.

Abnormal wear on teeth can make them appear shorter, flatter or rough along the edges. Younger teeth have rounder shaped edges. Therefore, veneers can give you a more youthful smile not only making the teeth whiter, and brighter, but also by redesigning them to incorporate the features that make them look more youthful. On the other hand, some people consider rounder teeth more feminine and might want the edges made a little squarer for a more masculine appearance. But that's the great thing about veneers: it's a collaborative effort in which you play an important part.

Sometimes the only thing keeping a person's smile from being all it can be is simply that the teeth are too small. Maybe they've always been that way or maybe they became shorter with wear, over time. Veneers can be used to make the teeth appear larger for a dramatic enhancement. Of course, if the teeth have been worn down excessively, it is important to address the underlying causes in order to prevent recurrence. Likewise, if you have lost a lot of teeth structure from decay or trauma, you might benefit more from porcelain crowns that cover the entire teeth and reduce the risk for future problems.

Alignment & Spacing
If you want to close a small gap between your two front teeth, for example, or if some of your teeth are misaligned, there are a couple of ways you could straighten them. You could opt for orthodontic treatment, if they are very crooked, which would move them into correct alignment. Veneers can make slight corrections in alignment while improving color and shape at the same time. Of course, if the gap is large or the misalignment significant, orthodontics might still be the way to go, or a combination of both might be needed for best possible results.

Smile Makeover

A recent poll of consumers found the following :
  • 50% consider the smile, the first facial feature they notice
  • 80% are not happy with their smile

The dentist evaluates all aspects of your dental health to revise your smile and address your cosmetic concerns such as dark gums, gummy smiles, missing teeth, discoloured or mal aligned teeth.

Smile Makeover entails a combination of several procedures like Teeth and Gum Recontouring, Teeth Whitening and Bleaching, Dental Bonding, Veneers and Laminates and Crowns and Bridges to achieve that mesmerising dazzling smile.The end result is an enhanced appearance, that allows you to enjoy the confidence and attractiveness you have always desired.

Gummy Smile Correction
When you smile, do you feel the appearance of your upper teeth is overshadowed by excessive gum tissue?
Are you of the opinion that your upper teeth appear too short compared to the amount of gingival tissue displayed when you smile?

If you answered "yes" to either of these questions, you may have a condition that is commonly called a "gummy smile" or excessive gingival display.Gummy smile can have a negative affect on the esthetics of your smile. The good news is that a gummy smile can be corrected through various treatment options.

Causes Of A Gummy Smile
There are several possible causes of gummy smile, including
  • abnormal eruption of the teeth- Teeth covered by excessive gum tissue appear short, even though they may actually be the proper length.
  • Hyperactive upper lip-The muscle that controls the movement of your upper lip could be hyperactive, causing your upper lip to rise up higher than normal.
  • The manner in which your upper jaw bone grew and developed could cause the appearance of a gummy smile.

Gummy Smile Treatments

If you think you have a gummy smile, visit your dentist for confirmation and treatment options. Your dentist will examine your mouth, teeth and gums to determine the extent of the excessive gingival display and any possible causes. This examination may involve conventional and/or digital impressions of your teeth and gums. You may also need X-ray imaging so that the teeth roots and jaw bone can be carefully examined.

Depending on the nature of your specific clinical condition, treatment for your gummy smile could include one or more of the following
  • Same-day laser treatments (in minor cases).
  • Surgical lip repositioning.
  • Orthodontics (braces) to move the teeth into more suitable positions.
  • Surgical Sculpting of the gingival tissues and bone to create healthier and more attractive looking gum contours.
  • Maxillofacial surgery to reposition the bone.

A dentist can perform a "crown lengthening" procedure to correct the appearance of a gummy smile. During this procedure, the periodontist will remove the excess gum tissue – and possibly bone – in order to expose more of the teeth's surface. This Surgical Sculpting procedure can be performed on one or more teeth to create an even gum line or a more natural looking smile. As a result, gummy smile sufferers see more of their teeth when they smile and less of their gums.

Fluorosis Correction
Teeth Discoloration: The Two Types Of Teeth Stains

There are two categories of staining as it relates to the teeth: extrinsic staining and intrinsic staining.

Extrinsic stains are those that appear on the surface of the teeth as a result of exposure to dark-colored beverages, foods and tobacco, and routine wear and tear. Superficial extrinsic stains are minor and can be removed with brushing and prophylactic dental cleaning. Stubborn extrinsic stains can be removed with more involved efforts, like teeth bleaching. Persistent extrinsic stains can penetrate into the dentin and become ingrained if they are not dealt with early.

Intrinsic stains are those that form on the interior of teeth. Intrinsic stains result from trauma, aging, exposure to minerals (like tetracycline) during teeth formation and/or excessive ingestion of fluoride. In the past, it was thought that intrinsic stains were too resistant to be corrected by bleaching. Today, cosmetic dentistry experts believe that even deep-set intrinsic stains can be removed with supervised take-home teeth whitening that is maintained over a matter of months or even a year. If all else fails, there are alternative cosmetic solutions to treat intrinsic staining, such as dental veneers.

Dental Jewellery

Body art is increasing in popularity within a fashion industry. It includes tattooing, body piercings and oral jewellery, which consists of soft tissue piercings and/or objects attached to teeth. All body piercing presents a level of risk of infection. Because of the presence and variety of bacteria in the oral cavity, oral piercings are considered to have higher risk and are therefore strongly discouraged. But, now a new craze is sweeping across the world that will make you shine like a really be glamorous, unique, and fashionable, tantalize your teeth with top-quality teeth jewellry which is painless, no risk of infection, and add sparkle to a smile.

Metal in overlaid Ceramic Bridge

As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges.You have them in either metal, metal in overlaid ceramic (porcelain fused to metal) or the latest metal free (all ceramic) crowns. The PFM (porcelain fused to metal) crowns have a metal base coated with ceramic. PFM's came closer to the look of real teeth and also provided good strength, durability and fit. A drawback of these crowns however could be a black metal line seen along the border of the crown. Also, it is difficult to achieve the translucency of your natural teeth with a restoration that has a metal framework. Light does not pass through the metal base like it does through your own natural teeth, leaving a dull lifeless appearance.

Metal Free Crown n Bridge

On the other hand in metal free ceramic crowns, the metallic look and the black lines disappear. They are not only highly aesthetic but also offer high strength restorations to dental industry.

A lava crown is one of the strongest ceramic crowns available in the world. Lava crowns provide excellent aesthetics and translucency besides an outstanding marginal fit. Also each lava restoration comes with a 5 year warranty on the complete crown or bridge. We provide you with a warranty card that has an authentication label with a unique barcode. Using the special barcoded labels you can verify the authenticity of genuine lava on the 3M global website.

Zircon crowns are again full ceramic crowns and bridges without metal reinforcement. Zircon (synthetic diamond) has exceptional rigidity that enables us to carry out large restorations with improved mechanical forecast.The aesthetic results are excellent and restores the appearance of natural teeth.

Precision-milled by cad/cam technology and hand-finished by an expert ceramist, it's the most esthetic zirconia restoration in the market today. Hand layerd Emax porcelain gives you radiant natural beauty and its CAD/CAM milled coping gives a fit that is precise and predictable. Perfect for anterior and posterior crowns and bridges, you won't find a better looking, stronger alterrnative that will help you achieve the "wow" factor your patients crave.

BRUXZIR solid zirconia is a monolithic zirconia crown,bridge,cement retained implant crown, inlay or onlay with no porcelain overlay.The material was originally intended to provide a durable, more esthetic alternative to pfms or cast gold restoration for demanding situations like bruxzers and areas with limited occlusal space .Now, with the BRUXZIR shaded formulation ,there is no compromise in regards to the esthetics. BRUXZIR restorations exhibit improved translucency and colours similar to natural dentition. Designed and milled using cad/cam technology. BRUXZIR solid zirconia is sintered for 2 hours at 1530 degree Celsius to achieve optimum strength. The final BRUXZIR restorations emerge nearly bulletproof and is then glazed to a smooth surface.

Cosmetic Contouring
Teeth Contouring And Reshaping

Defects in teeth are easily noticeable. Whether it is a chipped front teeth, an extra pointed canine, or slightly different teeth sizes, the flaws are apparent. Indeed they are subtle, but they never go unnoticed. If these flaws mar your otherwise beautiful smile, you can remove them and make your smile pretty once again. This is done by an economical procedure called teeth contouring or reshaping.

Teeth contouring is a method in which a small portion of the teeth enamel is removed with a drill. Once the teeth has been modified, it is given a coat of polish for better and smoother finishing. The shape of the treated teeth improves it looks better to the eye and fits well with neighboring teeth. Generally, teeth contouring is performed on those teeth that are the most visible such as your front incisors and canines on the upper gum. Teeth contouring can be used for treating a number of defects such as small chips, overlapping teeth, uneven length and pointed teeth. The process is also used for correcting small bite problems that arise when teeth come in an uneven contact between each other. If you want to give your teeth a more masculine or feminine appearance, then also a teeth-contouring procedure can help you out. Your teeth will have to be rounded or squared at the edges, and your desired results will be achieved.

Composite Fillings
Teeth Contouring And Reshaping

Teeth coloured fillings or cosmetic restorations are fast gaining popularity over their silver counterparts. Amalgam restorations or silver fillings, as they are commonly known, are now a thing of the past, with every aesthetic conscious person asking for the cosmetic ones!!! Silver (amalgam) fillings tend to darken over a period of time. They also have a tendency to corrode and leak over time, thereby increasing chances of secondary decay.

Cosmetic (teeth coloured) fillings, on the other hand are not only more aesthetic but they also require less amount of teeth cutting. Also, since they bond to the teeth structure, chances of secondary decays are reduced to a great extent. Being available in a variety of shades the teeth coloured restorations blend in beautifully with the adjacent teeth structure, looking absolutely natural. We use a wide range of the time and tried products of composites (teeth coloured fillings) available and used all over the world (3M INTERNATIONAL, DENTSPLY INTERNATIONAL, IVOCLAR INTERNATIONAL) This soft material is added to prepared cavity in layers and is sculpted, following the contours of your natural teeth. It is then cured (hardened) by a high intensity blue light. The material hardens immediately and after a little polishing you walk out of the clinic and are free to eat, drink whatever you want, immediately!!!

So now have your decays restored without worrying about the dark silver showing everytime you open your mouth to talk, laugh or eat!!! Cosmetic (teeth coloured ) fillings are now the most preferred restorations by one and all.

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