SERVICES

Root Canal Therapy


How a Tooth Decays?

Healthy Tooth

Healthy Tooth

Enamel is the hard outer crystal-like layer. Dentin is the softer layer beneath the enamel. The pulp chamber contains nerves and blood vessels. It is considered the living part of the tooth.

White Spots

White Spots

Bacteria that are exposed to sugars or carbohydrates can make acid. The acid attacks the crystal-like substance in the tooth's outer surface. This process is known as demineralization. The first sign of this is a chalky white spot. At this stage, the decay process can be reversed. Using fluorides at home and in the dental office can help the tooth repair itself.

Enamel Decay

Enamel Decay

Demineralization continues. Enamel starts to break down. Once the enamel surface is broken, the tooth can no longer repair itself. The cavity has to be cleaned and restored/ filled by a dentist.

Dentin Decay

Dentin Decay

The decay reaches into the dentin, where it can spread and undermine the enamel.

Pulp Involvement

Pulp Involvement

If decay is left untreated, it will reach the tooth's pulp. This is where the tooth's nerves and blood vessels are found. The pulp becomes infected. An abscess (swelling) or a fistula (opening to the surface of the gum) can form in the soft tissues.

Root Canal Treatment (R.C.T.)

If your tooth's nerve chamber becomes infected by decay, root canal treatment is often the only way to save your tooth.

Inside your tooth's hard outer shell is a nourishing pulp of blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves. The root's canal, allow these vessels and nerves to extend to the bone.

Deep tooth decay, or injury can cause serious damage and infection to the pulps nerves and vessels. Root canal, also known as endodontic treatment cleans out the infected pulp chamber and canals.

Some indications of R.C.T may be:

  • Spontaneous pain or throbbing.
  • Pain while biting or chewing.
  • Severe decay uptill the nerve / pulp chamber or injury that causes an abscess (infection) in the bone surrounding the tooth.
  • Prolonged sensitivity/pain to heat or cold temperatures (after the hot or cold has been removed).
  • Discoloration (a darkening) of the tooth.
  • Swelling and tenderness in the nearby gums.
  • A persistent or recurring pimple on the gums

Treatment Procedure of R.C.T.

Step 1

After the tooth is anesthetized, an opening is made through the crown into the pulp chamber.

Step 2

The lengths of the roots' canals are determined.

Step 3

Unhealthy pulp is removed. Canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped using progressively larger endodontic files.

Step 4

Canals are filled and sealed. Access opening is filled with a restorative material.

Step 5

For further protection, a Crown is given for the tooth.

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